Thursday, April 25

Too Dear! Lesson Summary and Explanation in English Class 12th

Summary of Too Dear

Too Dear Summary – is a story written by Leo Tolstoy, a famous Russian writer, master of realistic fiction, and widely regarded as one of the world’s greatest novelists. The story “Too Dear!” is a parody of one of today’s governance systems. It mocks the methods used by modern governments to punish criminals and administer justice. The story is told in a matter-of-fact tone, with a hint of sarcasm. Leo Tolstoy satirizes upper-class men’s thirst for power and its impact on society. It also raises serious questions about the death penalty.

The king puts taxes on ‘drinking’ and ‘smoking’

It mocks modern-day methods of prosecuting criminals and administering justice. This toy kingdom has a real kinglet, who, like any other real king, lives in a palace with courtiers, ministers, a bishop, generals, and a small army of sixty men. Because his kingdom has a small population, the taxes the people pay for ‘drinking’ and’smoking’ are insufficient to feed the king’s courtiers and officials, let alone keep himself. The king had discovered a new source of revenue.The prince of Monaco began to gain a lot of profit.

The Prince of Monaco Started to gain a lot of profit

In fact, it is the only gaming house in Europe that has been left untouched by the rulers, which is why the gambling housekeeper pays so much money to the prince. Whoever wants to gamble goes to Monaco, and the prince profits handsomely as a result.

A murder was committed in the territory that created a conflict

The Prince of Monaco understands that earning money this way is a dirty business, but he feels helpless because he needs to survive. In the same way, the prince survives on the money he makes from the gaming house. He lives, reigns, collects money, and holds his court with the pomp and ceremony of a true king. The criminal was tried in accordance with the law.

The lawyers argued, and the judges eventually ruled that the criminal should be executed as prescribed by law. The prince read the sentence, confirmed it, and ordered the criminal’s execution. A problem arose during the execution of the king’s order. The ministers wrote to the French government, asking if they could lend them a machine and an expert to cut off the criminal’s head, as well as the cost of doing so. The king thought sixteen thousand francs was a lot of money, and it was a complete waste of money to spend so much on beheading a wretched criminal.

King called a council to take suggestions

The king felt that the people would not accept his decision, and that forcing them would result in a riot. As a result, the king convened a council and solicited their suggestions. They wrote to the King of Italy and received a prompt response. Even though the king of Italy quoted a lower price than the French government, it was still too high for a toy kingdom like theirs. The soldiers refused to do it because they had not been trained to behead criminals. The king and his ministers met again and had a thorough discussion. The prince agreed, and the matter was arranged accordingly.

Despite the fact that there was no suitable prison for a man sentenced to life, they were able to find one and place the criminal inside. The entire arrangement of having a guard watch over the criminal and feeding the criminal costs more than 600 francs per year.

The kinglet tries to reduce the expenditure

He became concerned and summoned his ministers, urging them to find a cheaper way of dealing with the criminal. At dinnertime, the criminal emerged and, unable to locate his guard, went to the prince’s kitchen to retrieve his dinner. The criminal appeared before the Minister of Justice.

He even told him that if he fled, the prince would not mind. The prisoner told the minister that he had nowhere to go and accused them of tarnishing his reputation by sentencing him to death. The council was summoned again, and the criminal’s case was discussed. Finally, the prisoner received one-third of his annuity in advance before leaving the king’s dominions. The author leaves it up to the reader to determine whether ‘Too Dear!’ refers to executing a criminal or saving a criminal’s life. The story “Too Dear!” is based on an absurd situation in which a small state finds it prohibitively expensive to either hang or imprison a criminal for an extended period of time.

Finally, the criminal must be rewarded with a pension to save the kingdom money. The author allows the reader to decide whether “Too Dear!” refers to executing the criminal or saving the criminal’s life.

Conclusion

The story “Too Dear!” is based on an absurd situation in which a small state finds it prohibitively expensive to either hang or imprison a criminal for an extended period of time. Finally, the criminal must be rewarded with a pension to save the kingdom money. The author appears to call into question the rulers’ convictions, as well as the legal and governance system they established. The author appears to admire Monaco’s courage and open-mindedness in acknowledging their limitations and releasing the prisoner on humanitarian grounds. It’s worth noting that the author plays on the title “Too Dear!” which can mean either too expensive or of great value. The author leaves it up to the reader to decide whether “Too Dear!” refers to executing the criminal or saving his life.

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