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[Answer] What Is Kalamkari Work and Why Is It Called So?

[Answer] What Is Kalamkari Work and Why Is It Called So?

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What Is Kalamkari Work and Why Is It Called So?

Kalamkari is a hand-painted cotton textile made in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Kalamkari is a twenty-three-step process that uses only natural dyes. There are two distinct Kalamkari art styles in India: Machilipatnam style and Srikalahasti style.

Kalamkari is a traditional Indian art form that involves hand-painting or block-printing on fabric, often with mythological or nature-inspired designs. The term “Kalamkari” is derived from two Persian words: ‘kalam,’ meaning pen, and ‘kari,’ which means craftsmanship. The name refers to the primary tool used in this art form, a pen-like brush made of bamboo that artists use to create intricate designs.

Kalamkari has two distinct styles: Srikalahasti and Machilipatnam. Srikalahasti Kalamkari uses freehand drawing and vibrant colors, whereas Machilipatnam Kalamkari employs block-printing with vegetable dyes, resulting in a more refined and intricate appearance.

Artisans use a variety of natural materials and traditional techniques, making Kalamkari an environmentally friendly and culturally rich art form. The themes frequently revolve around Hindu mythology, depicting scenes from epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Kalamkari has a long history in India, dating back to ancient times, and the name reflects the craftsmanship and artistry required to create these stunning hand-painted or block-printed fabric pieces. Kalamkari is still a popular form of traditional Indian art, valued for its unique combination of skill, history, and cultural significance.

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