Saturday, July 13

Kanhoji Angre | Chief Of Shivaji Maharaj Navy

Kanhoji Angre or Konadji Angria, or Sarhel Angre, was the first notable leader of the Indian Marathi Navy in the 18th century.

Kanhoji Angria (Angre) was a Marathi naval commander best known for his attempts to gain a foothold in India against maritime colonial powers in the early 18th century.

kanhoji angre
Source: Wikipedia

He (1667-1729) succeeded in extending Marathi’s naval sovereignty against the EIC, Netherlands and Portugal.

During the first two decades of the 18th century, Angre’s NavyNavy defeated the English and Portuguese navies again and again. He also had to dominate the dispute over the naval power of his rivals on the west coast for the next forty years.

Despite attempts by the British, he remained undefeated until his death.

Even if the Portuguese, British or Dutch entered India, Kanhoji Angel probably would not have taken arms against the Portuguese. Still, then the Portuguese tried to claim the sovereignty of the Maratha Empire.

Kanhoji was an admiral who fought the Dutch, British and Portuguese to the last breath and defended the sovereignty of the Maratha rulers.

Kanhoji fought against British, Dutch and Portuguese navies on the shores of India in the 18th century.

Initially, Kanhoji began by attacking the trading ships of the British East India Company and gradually gained the respect and fame of the ruler among the British.

Angre’s pursuit of British commercial interests and the British victory over the Portuguese at Sully led them to establish a small naval force that eventually became the modern Indian Navy.

At the height of his power, Kanhoji commanded hundreds of warships, and there was little the British fleet could do to combat his fleet.

Due to internal policy against the Peshwa, who were in power inside India, the Maratha fleet suffered heavy losses after the death.

Contribution Of Kanhoji Angre In Developing The Maratha Navy

At the height of Kanhoji’s power, Angre commanded hundreds of warships and thousands of sailors when the Royal Navy had few naval resources in distant India, which could significantly offset the growing power of the Maratha navy.

After Kanhoji, his son Shoji continued to explore the Maratha Sea until Sehoji died in 1733.

Despite Portuguese and British attempts to end Kanhoji Angre’s piracy, Angre continued to capture and collect zakat from European merchant ships until his death around 1729 in 1710.

Kanhoji Angre from his Severndroog Island on Vijayadurg Island, south of Mumbai The fortress began to attack coastal ships, especially those of the East India Company.

After a ransom agreement with the governor of the East India Company in AD 1712, there were no British ships for four years.

Bombay-based British and other maritime powers, concerned about Kanhoji Angre (1667–1729), claimed he was a pirate, forgetting that he had been appointed admiral of the Maratha fleet.

The Angras began to raid ships, Indian, British Portuguese, all they encountered did not carry Dastak, licenses issued by the Angras on behalf of the Maratha rulers.

Later, the new Governor of Bombay returned to London in 1721, without a single victory over Angrath, but he tried.

After Charles Boone became the new Governor of Bombay on December 26, 1715, Boone made several attempts to capture Ingres. After Buns left, there was relative calm between England and Angre until his death.

As the Maratha Empire weakened, Kanhoji Angre became more and more independent, and in 1713 Peshwa’s army led by Bahiroji Pingale was sent to control Angre. Still, Angre won the battle and took Bahiroji Pingale as his captive.

The reign of Kanhoji Angre and his sons on the west coast of India ended with the capture of Tulagi in February 1756 by the combined attack of the forces of the East India Company and Maratha Peshwa Balaji Bajirao on the Geriah Fort.

The combined forces of the aggressive and militarized East India Company, along with the descendants of the Maratha empires, a settled man in Colaba in the first place, ultimately destroyed what was left of the Angra fleet in the mid-20th century.

Perhaps ironically, neither the individual nor the Maratha empire ever posed a real threat to British trading interests, presumably the only attraction of the East India Company in the early 18th century.

After the death of his son Chhatrapati Sambaji in 1690, he left to the highly skilled Admiral Kanhoji Angre, who took over the Maratha fleet in 1699 to revive the Maratha fleet. Seapower.

Within a few years of his coming to power, Kanhoji established the Marathas as the sovereign authority over sea and land, rather than the traditional role of Indian power based solely on the continent.

Are summed up Castro, who was considered a traitor and was punished by the (British) Bombay Commission for failing to seize Kanheri, controlled by Kanhoji Angre. Rajaram Narayan Saletore (1978), p. 105 Castro.

Read More: Vijay Salaskar | Encounter Specialist Of 90s

Written by Sumit Tripathi. A Content Writer who loves to write about different topics. I like to share my knowledge with others. Connect with me on Linkedin.


  1. What Post did Kanhoji Angre hold during Shivaji Maharaj’s reign?
    In 1669, at 19 years, Kanhoji was appointed as the Surkheel or Darya-Saranga (Admiral) “by royal command in independent charge of 150 miles of wide-open coastline.” This was in 1698, 18 years after Shivaji’s death and under the reign of Tarabai.

  2. Who was the chief of the Shivaji Maharaj navy?
    In the 1700s, one man antagonized the European powers and insisted on the Maratha Empire’s rights to taxation and sovereignty over Maharashtra’s coast. He was Kanhoji Angre, the head of the Maratha navy.

  3. What is the contribution of Kanhoji Angre in developing the Maratha Navy?
    The Maratha ruler, Rajaram, appointed him the admiral of the navy in 1698 and gave him the title of Sarkhel. Kanhoji led the Maratha navy established by Shivaji. He used his ships to protect Maratha merchants from the pirates operating in the Malabar and secure the sovereignty of the sea for the Maratha state.

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